Text and Photos by Larry Monserate Piojo

The barangay of Alapasco is a laid-back valley surrounded by mountains. This quiet community of around 600 residents is about 10 kilometers from the town proper of Batad, a 5th class municipality in Iloilo located in the Western Visayas Region.
When distance learning began amid the COVID-19 pandemic, schools turned to online communication tools, radio frequencies, television channels, and printed modules to deliver lessons. 
However, many in rural communities encountered challenges such as the limited supply of materials, lack of electronic devices, and poor network coverage, among other issues.
This was true for Alapasco, a remote barangay with almost 600 inhabitants in Iloilo. 
Nestled in the 5th-class municipality of Batad, getting to and from the village is only possible through a habal-habal and a jeepney available only once a day, travelling through a part-dirt road. 
This makes access to quality education a continuing challenge for the community. 
Alapasco’s fertile valley produces corn and rice. Grazing livestock is also one of the community’s primary sources of livelihood. Residents and neighboring barangays also rely on fishing in Alapasco Lake, an irrigation dam built during the 90s that is surrounded by cornfields creating a picturesque landscape.

Modular learning in Alapasco
According to Batad Vice Mayor and Education Committee Chairperson Ernesto Balida, many parents in the village are unable to read and write. When schools shifted to modular learning during the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, parents struggled to teach their children at home. 
“Paano makatulong ‘yong mga nanay kasi hindi sila marunong magbasa, hindi sila marunong magsulat,” he said. 
(How could the parents teach their children if they themselves could not read and write?) 
He added that the absence of an internet connection was their primary problem as it limited teachers from guiding their students. 
Charma Palmero, teacher-in-charge of Alapasco Primary School, attests to the pupils’ limited resources and access to quality education. 
She has been teaching in Alapasco Primary School for 9 years and chose to stay because she believes there is much work to elevate the quality of learning in the community. 
“During the time of the pandemic, ang school mismo, even us teachers indi kami prepared. We are not equipped kung paano ipadayon ang edukasyon sa kumonidad. Wala kami choice, indi kami maka online,” said Palmero.
(During the time of the pandemic, the school itself, including us teachers, were not prepared. We were ill-equipped to facilitate modular learning. We did not have the choice of teaching our pupils online.)
To at least get minimum network coverage, several households have been improvising by using prepaid modems attached to bamboo poles that stand several feet above their houses. The modems are enclosed in empty water gallons as protection from the rain. ​​​​​​
A prepaid modem attached to a bamboo pole that stands high above roofs to search for potential network coverage is a common sight in Alapasco.
Recently, a couple of residents have also installed Pisonet, an internet vending machine that gives users Wi-Fi access for 10 minutes for P1. 
Still, Alapasco is a valley surrounded by mountains, and network coverage and online learning remains a grueling challenge 
The school proceeded to facilitate learning through sets of printed modules. Unfortunately, many of their pupils lost interest since they cannot understand the lessons on their own. 
“Ma’am indi kami kabalo kung paano tudluan ang amon kabataan; that’s why masayang lang ang printing sang modules,” Palmero quoted parents who struggle to teach their children.
(Ma’am, we don’t know how to teach our children; so the modules go to waste.)
Since parents do not know how to teach their children, many printed modules went to waste, Palmero said.
Community learning hub and TrompaAralan
The learning hub offers guided learning activities such as story writing, visual arts, and photography. In June 2021, Sari-Sari Education also installed the public announcement (PA) system in the Sari-Sari Community Learning Hub. It is connected to 7 trompas spread around 6 sitios in Alapasco. Its purpose: to broadcast live storytelling all over the community.
In March 2021, Rey Bufi, the founder of Basa Bookstore, in partnership with Dr. Judith Enriquez, the founder of Sari-Sari Education established a Sari-Sari Community Learning Hub which helped facilitate storytelling and modular learning in the community. 
The project is funded by Liverpool John Moores University in the United Kingdom, making Alapasco the first beneficiary of the initiative in the country.
The Sari-Sari Community Learning Hub is a bahay kubo-inspired learning space that provides storytelling activities and houses children's books and other learning materials. Originally, the hub's primary purpose was to give storytelling sessions through a public address system and to host other learning activities. It has since evolved to include delivering important announcements to the community and school lessons for the pupils.
"Sari-sari Education's goal is to help children share their own stories. We believe that introducing them to stories through storytelling will help them achieve this goal. Since we did the program during the pandemic, we thought of creative ideas to bring stories to the students without face-to-face interaction. We could not go online because there was no internet and mobile signal in the area. Also, setting up an antenna for a radio-based program would be futile because the mountainous terrain would block the broadcast in many areas,” said Bufi.
“Our barangay in Manila started using a public address system (trompa) for announcements during the pandemic. The first time I heard from a trompa, I dreamed of giving storytelling sessions through it to entertain kids and somehow make the quarantine situation feel lighter. Now, two other communities I serve (Laguna and Masbate) are using a trompa for the same purposes," Bufi added.
Basa Bookstore is a social enterprise that advocates reading by providing children’s books by local publishers, authors, and illustrators to remote communities and emerging cities all around the country.
Through the Sari-Sari Community Learning Hub, storytelling is done using a trompa. Several members of the community have volunteered to read stories and pupils at home could listen to them reading storybooks live from the hub.
The teachers of Alapasco Primary School came up with an innovative way in using equipment. They use the trompa to teach daily lessons. Through this, guided modular learning has been efficient as the pandemic continues to hinder in-person classes in the community. 
“Naga-print modules ang mga kabataan, kis-a natak-an na sa mga modules, tamaran na sila magtuon. And here comes Sari-Sari Education nag-introduce ng mga storytelling, nagworkshop ng storywriting. So it is like light into the darkness ang Sari-Sari Education,” said Palmero.
(Pupils got tired of answering printed modules, then here comes Sari-Sari Education who introduced storytelling and story writing workshops. Sari-Sari Education is like our light in the darkness.)
Academic subjects such as English, Math, Science, Araling Panlipunan, and Filipino are discussed by teachers through the trompa. At the same time, pupils and their parents listen and answer modules at home. This platform of learning eventually became known as “TrompaAralan”.
Through TrompaAralan, sabay nag-aaral ang mga nanay at mga bata. Kahit nasa bundok sila, parang nag-aaral na rin sila,” said Balida.
(“Through the TrompaAralan, pupils including their parents are now able to study together. Even if parents are working in the fields, they are also learning for themselves.”)
According to Bufi, ”Sari-sari Education offers different ways of helping communities. It is not a one-size-fits-all program. Although it's grounded on getting communities to share their stories through storytelling, there are several ways to do it. And the community is always at the center of what we do.” 
Making impact on education in Alapasco
According to Palmero, the TrompaAralan platform has also helped facilitate community learning through the school’s Values Restoration Program.
“Ang platform noon is you as the values restoration officer and then learner. Ang natabo sang ari na ang Sari-Sari Education, ang imo na nga mga audience is the whole community. So you are not just raising a value-laden learner but with a greater impact, a value-laden community.” 
(Previously, the platform is you as a value restoration officer and the learner. When Sari-Sari Education came, your audience is now the whole community. So you are not just raising a value-laden learner but also a value-laden community.)
To this date, there are 7 trompa units installed high above trees scattered in all six 6 sitios of Alapasco. According to Balida, TrompaAralan has brought the school closer to every learner since both pupils and parents are now able to learn through the trompa.
“During the pandemic, we encouraged every school to innovate. And if I were to be asked, Sari-Sari Education's TrompaAralan is one of the best innovations,” said Art Convacar, DepEd Public Schools District supervisor in Batad.
According to Enriquez, Sari-Sari Education owes its name to sari-sari stores in the Philippines. These stores instantly become a communal place in the locality and this trait is what Sari-Sari Education learning hubs aim to have. Sari-Sari Education is an initiative that targets members of the community, especially the youth to identify, develop, and maximize their potentials and capabilities.

“Adapting the same familiar community infrastructure has the potential to be the point of access to literacy resources for all children of remote communities with various educational needs,” she added.
One of the future projects of Sari-Sari Education includes digital access to educational resources through a mobile app. This app will be available to the community and can be accessed via an intranet without the need for an internet connection. 
Sari-sari Education will continue to provide designated spaces for reading books, storytelling, and teaching. It will also develop bespoke training for teachers and young people that appreciate and celebrate their grassroots resources, community assets, and life stories. 
Corn is one of the primary sources of livelihood in the community.

Alapasco Primary School is the only school in the village with five teachers serving around 100 grade school enrollees each year.  During the Covid-19 pandemic, the school shifted to modular learning.

Local carpenters measures the possible location of the Sari-Sari Community Learning Hub in Alapasco on February 28, 2021. 

A resident in Alapasco mounts one of the 7 trompas in the barangay on May 31, 2021.

Sari-Sari Education aims to establish mobile library hubs in the communities and to increase access to quality educational resources. It also aims to create or adapt a learning program based on the needs of the community and create a safe space for learning. 

Sari-Sari Education Learning Hub houses storybooks and other learning materials where children could hang out, borrow books, and practice reading.

The community doubles work with study as they learn along with lessons being broadcasted in the trompas while tending to their farms. “Mam, nagapamati kami to sa imo sa babaw bukid samtang nagatanum sang mais” (“We were listening to your lessons while tending to our corns.”), quotes Charma Palmero of a parent who approached her after one of her TrompaAralan sessions. TrompaAralan did only cater the pupils but also parents and other members of the community.

Grade 6 pupil Aiyesha Billoneg conducts live storytelling on the trompa in October 2021. (Photo courtesy of Alapasco Primary School)

Dr. Judith Enriquez, founder of Sari-Sari Education and Senior Lecturer at Liverpool John Moores University in UK meets with the children inside the Sari-Sari Community Learning Hub in Alapasco on 6 August 2022.

Children read story books inside one of the classrooms in Alapasco Primary School in Batad, Iloilo in 03 March 2021 before the installation of Sari-Sari Community Learning Hub. Basa Bookstore provides childrens' books and other learning materials for the learning hub. (Photo/Larry Monserate Piojo)

Parents in the community studies the consent form provided by Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU) on March 3, 2021.  Sari-Sari Education (SSED) is funded by the university. (Photo/Larry Monserate Piojo)

A child reads a storybook inside the Sari-Sari Community Learning Hub on 27 July 2022. ​​​​​​​

#education #philippines #alapasco #sarisarieducation #ljmu #basabookstore

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